文/陳恩竹、王妍筑、Andrew Crosthwaite
企劃/英語島教學實驗室

 

世界各國因著風俗民情不同,而發展出不同的飲食文化、餐桌禮儀,除了一般基本的禮儀,根據國情不同也會有不一的禮儀標準,若是一無所知,是極有可能損害形象,如何才能不冒犯人,也成了一門學問。

Do: Keep both hands above the table
雙手擺在桌上

Don’t: Keep your hands on your lap
雙手放在腿上

Note: When not using utensils, rest your wrists or forearms on the table (and never your elbows). 
不用餐具的時候,要把你的手腕、前臂露出在桌上(但不要露出手肘)。


Do: Smash potatoes with a fork
用叉子壓碎馬鈴薯

Don’t: Use a knife to cut potatoes 
用刀子切馬鈴薯

Note: Using a knife means you think the potatoes are not done.
用刀子表示你覺得馬鈴薯還沒熟透


Do: Keep your chopsticks horizontal 
把筷子平放

Don’t: Leave them sticking upright in a bowl of rice
把筷子直插入一碗白飯

Note: Upright chopsticks in a bowl of rice is how food is offered to the dead. It’s considered bad luck.
筷子直插白飯表示是給過世的人的享用的,不吉利


Do: Take off your hat, coat, and sunglasses indoors
在室內拿下帽子、脫掉大衣與墨鏡

Don’t: Blow on your food
把食物吹涼

Note: If it is too hot to eat, take the hint and wait until it cools.
如果真的燙到不能吃,吃小口一點等它涼


Do: Accept a dish or glass using both hands
用雙手接盤子或杯子

Don’t: Accept a dish or glass with one hand
用一隻手接盤子或杯子

Note: It’s more respectful. 
這樣比較尊重


 

Do: Enjoy “sobremesa” 
享受餐後的談天時光

Don’t: Rush off straight after your meal
吃完後就急著離開

Note: Sobremesa is the period right after a meal when family and friends share conversations or anecdotes. Take your time!
Sobremesa是指吃完飯後,與家人朋友輕鬆閒聊。享受這段時光吧!


Do: Use your hands to eat tacos
用手吃墨西哥卷餅

Don’t: Use a knife and fork
用刀叉吃

Note: It’s considered snobby to use cutlery. Do it like the locals.
用餐具吃會被認為很勢利,融入當地吧!


Do: Gifts of flowers must always be in odd numbers
花束的數字得要是奇數

Don’t: Give yellow flowers
送黃色的花

Note: It is also not recommended to give thirteen flowers, as thirteen is considered to bring bad luck in Russia as well as in many other countries, and yellow flowers symbolize separation.
最好不要給13朵花,因為13這個數字在俄羅斯也認為不吉利,跟許多其他多國家一樣,至於黃色的花,表示分離


Do: Keep your palm facing up when holding cups
拿杯子的時候,雙手朝上捧住杯子

Don’t: Spill milk or dairy products
灑出牛奶或乳製品

Note: Always receive objects with your right hand. 
記得拿東西的時候一定要用右手

按這裏,改變英文,就改變人生

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