英文的動詞最麻煩了,因為動詞還有所謂的速度感、時間感。怎麼抓到這種感覺?先體會下面的例子:做晩餐是「make dinner」,做簡報是「make a presentation」,做決定是「make a decision」,那做惡夢是什麼?憑直覺可能會說錯:

1

再舉一個例子,曾經聽學生提到要做簡報,她說了:

2

以上這些例子,仔細推敲,重點都在時間的快與慢,它們分別強調結果與過程,如果只用中文「做」直譯,就很容易說出中式英文。

4
 

Do的用法

  • do the housework 做家事

  • do my homework 做功課

  • do business 做生意

  • do exercise 做運動

  • do the laundry 洗衣服

Make的用法

  • make coffee 煮咖啡

  • make a promise 做承諾

  • make enemies 樹敵

  • make a difference 改變、有影響

  • make it a rule 養成習慣

5

make這個字在解釋為「做」的時候,時間較為短暫,表示一下子就完成的事情,做的事情也是屬於比較具體的事。Have則是時間長。

6

試著做成句子:

Make
  • make a call 打電話

I’m just going to make a quick call.(我正要去打通電話)

  • make an appointment 安排約會

Can I make an appointment for next Tuesday?(我可以預約下禮拜二嗎?)

  • make a mistake 犯錯

If you make a mistake, let me know.(如果你犯了錯,讓我知道)

  • make sure 確保

But make sure you don’t make any mistakes in the first place!(但確保你一開始別犯任何錯誤。)

  • make a decision 決定

You need to make a decision by the end of the week.(這禮拜之前你得做個決定。)

Do
  • do work 做工作

I need to do some work tonight.(我今晚得做一些工作)

  • do the cooking 煮飯

I need to do (wash) the dishes before I do the cooking.(我煮飯之前得先洗碗。)

  • do one's homework 做功課

Make sure you do your homework before going out.(你得做完功課才能出去。)

  • do…a favor 幫一個忙

Could you do me a favor and pass this message on? (你可以幫忙我傳達這個訊息嗎?)

Have

  • have a bath 洗個澡

  • have a drink 喝個飲料

  • have a good time 玩得開心

  • have a haircut 剪頭髮

  • have a holiday 放假

  • have a problem 遇到問題

  • have a relationship 與…有關

  • have a rest 休息

  • have lunch 吃午餐

  • have sympathy 同情

按這裏,改變英文,就改變人生

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